All posts by bekiryayan

How To Use The Magic Wand Tool To Remove Background In Photoshop

How To Use The Magic Wand Tool

In this post, you will learn how to use magic wand to change backgrounds. It can be frustrating to use the magic wand but when you get used to it, it is one of the easiest tools to use. It is a selection tool to select similar tones and colors.

Step 1 : Duplicate The Background Layer And Select The Magic Wand Tool

Duplicate the background layer using Ctrl+J (Win) / Command+J (Mac). Then, select the magic wand tool in the Tools panel left of the screen. After selecting it, adjust the tolerance as 25 (for this example).

The most important option is tolerance. It determines how much the tool will include the different toned, colored pixels. That means if the tolerance is low only very similar pixels will be selected, if it is high then wide range of toned,colored pixels will be selected.

If contiguous option is selected then only the pixels next to your selected one will be included in the selection of the tool.  That means when you click somewhere, the tool look for pixels next to click point and if they are tolerated then they will be included in the selection.

If contiguous option is not selected then all the pixels in the image that are similar (tolerated) to the one you selected will be included in the selection of the tool. The tool looks for all the pixels that are close to the clicked pixel and puts them in selection if they are tolerated.

In this example I clicked once with tolerance 25 and holding shift key couple times with 10 to not select the building but select the rest of the sky. Put a red dot to the clicking points.

If the tool selects some parts of the image that you want to keep, change the tolerance accordingly and click on the parts that you want to remove from selection holding Alt (Win) / Option (Mac) key. This way you will only select the part that you want. In the last image I selected the whole sky as you can see.

Step 2: Delete The Selection And The New Background

Delete the selection pressing delete button while selected the area.

Now you can add the background that you want to add. It is blue sky with clouds in this case. Change the size of the background and put the layer behind the main one.

As you can see there is 1 px transparent frame around my image, so I trimmed that part.

Result:

This is how you can use the magic wand and change background using Photoshop. You can learn this and much more from a professional photo editing course called Learn Photo Editing with more details. To see my learn photo editing review go to the main page . Thank you for reading!

How To Sharpen Images With Smart Filters In Photoshop

How To Sharpen Images With Smart Filters

In this post, you will learn how to sharpen images using smart sharpen. This effect really gives a better look especially for colorful images and animals. Sharpening works by detecting different colors and brightness in close areas (called as edges) and increasing the difference. Thus, it effects like opposite of blur and gives images a realistic look.

Step 1 : Duplicate The Background Layer And Convert The New One

Duplicate the background layer using Ctrl+J (Win) / Command+J (Mac). Then, either right click on the new layer and choose Convert to Smart Object or select the layer and click on the icon at top left of the layer panel, then choose Convert to Smart Object.

Step 2: Add Smart Sharpening And Adjust The Options

Select the new layer and select Filter > Sharpen > Smart Sharpen … .

This will open up an options panel. Select the part that you want to sharpen in the image to see the preview. This way you can see better when you change the sliders. Amount means sharpening amount; radius decides how many pixels will be included to the edges, very high or very low values will not give a good result, pick something that looks good (usually 3-5). Reduce noise removes some of the sharpened pixels to reduce the error after sharpening, pick something around 10-20. Lastly remove a blur type that makes the best effect one the image.

Step 3: Add A Layer Mask And Brush The Wanted Areas

Select the new layer and add a layer mask holding Alt (Win) / Option (Mac) key. This will allow you to decide where to apply sharpening effect.

After creating the mask, select it. Select color as white. This will apply the effect through the mask. Then select the brush tool and brush inside of the image first with high brush size. Then brush the edges of the image with smaller size. In this case I picked 1500 px to brush inside of the eagle and picked around 150 to paint the edges and the beak.

After brushing my mask looks like this. You can see yours by clicking on it while holding Alt (Win) / Option (Mac) key.

Now you can adjust the sharpening effect by changing opacity of the layer or changing the effect options by clicking on the effect name.

Lastly, to add a little bit color to the image, select the blend mode Soft Light. This will uncover the color and add real look even more.

Result:

This is how you can sharpen images using Photoshop. You can learn this and much more from a professional photo editing course called Learn Photo Editing with more details. To see my learn photo editing review go to the main page . Thank you for reading!

How To Use The Color Replacement Tool In Photoshop

In this post, you will learn how to use the Color Replacement Tool and options about it. This tool is usually used for basic tasks. There are advanced methods for color changing that we will cover in other posts.

The Color Replacement Tool In Photoshop

Step 1: Select The Color Replacement Tool And Adjust the Options

Select the Color Replacement Tool from the Tool bar from the left of the screen. First adjust the size of the cursor, since it works by detecting colors under the plus sign in the middle.

Step 2: Paint Over The Area

I picked cyan as my new color and replaced the green color with it. Try painting without releasing the mouse, sometimes transitions are not that smooth.

As you can see there is green residue on sides of the container. To make it cyan too, increase the tolerance a little bit. Tolerance decides the range of color that will be changed. That means if tolerance is high all green tones will be replaced with cyan, if it is low then only very similar colors will change. Do not forget base color obtained with middle of the cursor. So, tolerance decides how much different other colors in the cursor can be.

Also try to keep the whole cursor in the area that you want to change. Otherwise other colors next to our container can be contaminated.  In such case, hit Ctrl+Z (Win) / Command+Z (Mac) and decrease the size or decrease the tolerance.

The options that I used:

I will explain other options later on in this post or with another post.

Result:

 

This is how you can bring out eyes using Photoshop. You can learn this and much more from a professional photo editing course called Learn Photo Editing with more details. To see my learn photo editing review go to the main page . Thank you for reading!

 

 

How To Bring Out Eyes In Photoshop

Bring Out Eyes In Photoshop

In this post, you will learn how to bring out eyes in a photo with Photoshop. This is one of the many ways. You will simply enhance the contrast, decrease red saturation and use high pass filter for sharpening.

Step 1: Select the Eyes And Create Brightness/Contrast Layer

Pick the Lasso Tool and select around eyes. After selecting one eye hold down shift while selecting the other one. This way you will get both.

While eyes selected create a Brightness/Contrast Layer.

In the opening panel, make brightness very high to see if any selected parts pour out of eyes. If so, select the brush tool and clean up around the eyes. Change Eye Color post explains it better.

Step 2: Create Hue/Saturation Layer With Same Layer Mask

After increasing the contrast, unwanted colors may appear in the white part of the eye. In this case it is red. You need to remove it. Select the layer mask of the Brightness/Contrast Layer, right click on it and select Add Mask To Selection. Then, open the adjustment layer panel and select Hue/Saturation Layer. Select Reds in the opening panel and lower the saturation.

This will get rid of the unwanted red colors.

Step 3: Duplicate The Background and Apply High Pass Filter

Select the background and hit Ctrl+J (Win) / Command+J (Mac).  Go to options panel at the top of the screen and Filter > Other > High Pass. I picked radius as 2 pixels in this example because the resolution is low.

After high pass the image will look like this.

Pick Overlay blend mode to sharpen whole image.

This case we want only eyes to be sharpen. While this layer selected, add a layer mask by clicking on the Add Layer Mask icon at the bottom of the layer panel. The mask will be white, to have black one either create it with holding Alt (Win) / Option (Mac) or hit Ctrl + I (Win) / Command + I (Mac) to revert white mask to black.

Then while mask is selected, pick the Brush Tool and lower hardness. Paint white around the eyelids. Be careful not to paint over wrinkles. This type of brush use is better explained in Whiten Teeth post. Painted mask can be seen by holding Alt (Win) / Option (Mac) and clicking on it.

Result:

This is how you can bring out eyes using Photoshop. You can learn this and much more from a professional photo editing course called Learn Photo Editing with more details. To see my learn photo editing review go to the main page . Thank you for reading!

How To Apply Soft Glow Effect With Photoshop

Soft Glow Effect

In this post, you will learn how to use soft glow with smart filters. You will use overlay or soft light blend mode to do it. Really easy and effective! Since you will be using smart objects and smart filters, you can edit the effect whenever you want. Taking advantage of this makes it easier to revert mistakes and play with other adjustments. Thus, I think it is best way to apply effects like soft glow effect in Photoshop.

Step 1: Duplicate The Background Layer and Convert It To Smart Object

Duplicate the background layer using Ctrl+J (Win) / Command+J (Mac). Then, either right click on the new layer and choose Convert to Smart Object or select the layer and click on the icon at top left of the layer panel, then choose Convert to Smart Object.

Step 2: Apply Gaussian Blur Smart Filter And Change The Blend Mode Of That

Smart object being selected, go to Filter > Blur > Gaussian Blur from options bar top of the screen.

In this example I will make the Radius value 8 pixels. It depends on the resolution of the image. Usually values between 3-10 gives nice result for soft glow.

After applying the blur, double click on the icon that appears next to Gaussian Blur text in the layer panel.

In the blending options panel that will appear, pick overlay for strong glowing or soft light for softer glowing effect. I like Overlay better, if it is too strong you can just lower the opacity.

Result:

(You can play around the blend mode of the smart object)

This is how you can apply soft glow effect using Photoshop. You can learn this and much more from a professional photo editing course called Learn Photo Editing with more details. To see my learn photo editing review go to the main page . Thank you for reading!

 

 

How To Make Digital Nose Job in Photoshop

Digital Nose Job

In this post, you will learn how to fix nose problems with Photoshop. It can be called digital nose job. You will use Liquify filter, Free Transform and the Healing Brush. You can make the nose smaller, bigger or fix a crooked nose. Sometimes its not the nose’s fault! Even wrong lighting could cause a nose to look bad.

We will use the image edited in Smooth Skin post.

Step 1: Duplicate The Original Image, Draw A Symmetry Line On The Nose And Make It Straight

Duplicate the background layer twice using Ctrl+J (Win) / Command+J (Mac).  Go on the new layers and name them layer1 and layer2 . Select layer1, select the Brush Tool from tools bar and draw a line that goes through middle of the nose.

Open the Liquify filter from Filter options at the options bar at the top of the screen.

This will bring out the image to a new liquify window with some options. You just need to change the Brush Tool size so that its big enough for the nose. In this case its ~300 pixels.

Click and drag the nose from its edges to make the black line straight. Also make sure that the nose symmetric. If you make a mistake use Ctrl+Z (Win) / Command+Z (Mac) or click Restore All button. You may need to get used to behavior of the tool, so do not be discouraged. Change the brush size if needed.

After you fixed the nose with the help of the line, go to layer2 and hit Ctrl+F (Win) / Command+F (Mac). The liquify changes will effect layer2 which do not have the black line. After that you can delete layer1 or turn off its visibility.

Step 2: Select The Nose With Lasso Tool, Refine Edges And Make It Smaller

Select lasso tool from tools bar. Select around the nose.

Click Refine Edge from Lasso Tool options and change the Radius and Feather values. Change output to New Layer. Radius and Feather values should be decided based on resolution. They decide how well the refined image will blend with the underlying image.

After you hit ok new layer with just the nose will appear on the layers panel. Double click on the name and name it “nose”.  On that layer, open Free Transform from Edit option at the options bar at the top. You can hit Ctrl+T (Win) / Command+T (Mac) for shortcut.

This will allow us to change size, place and direction of the image. Drag the side dots to each other to make the nose thinner, change the length with the bottom or top handles if you want then hit Enter (Win) / Return (Mac) when you are done.

Relocate the nose on the face.

Step 3: Clean Up With The Healing Brush

Since you changed the size of the nose, the underlying layer will show some old parts. You need to clean them so that the nose looks natural. Select the Healing Brush from Tools bar from left. Find a good skin around nose then hit Alt (Win) / Option (Mac) + left click to sample it. Then click and drag around the nose to clean up incorrect parts. You can learn more about the Healing Brush in Remove Wrinkles post.

Result:

(Mouth needs to get fixed too! 🙂 )

This is how you can make digital nose job using Photoshop. You can learn this and much more from a professional photo editing course called Learn Photo Editing with more details. To see my learn photo editing review go to the main page . Thank you for reading!

 

 

 

 

How To Make Someone Smile With Photoshop

Make Someone Smile With Photoshop

In this post, you will learn how to make someone smile with lasso tool and and puppet warp. It is advised to use the Healing Brush to clean up any inconveniences . It is really easy and quick, all it takes is putting the pins in the right places while using puppet warp.

Step 1: Duplicate The Layer And Select Around The Mouth With Lasso Tool

Duplicate the original image by pressing Ctrl+J (Win) / Command+J (Mac) while it is selected. Go on to new layer and select the Lasso Tool from Tools bar. Zoom in on the lips and select around the lips with it. Make sure selection is a bit bigger than the lips.

Step 2: Select Refine Edge And Adjust The Sliders

Select Refine Edge from top of the screen. Lasso Tool should be selected.

In the opened panel, adjust the Radius, Smooth and Feather values such that edges are not sharp. In this example I used value 2 for every slider. Usually values will be below 10 for different resolutions.

 

 

Step 3: Select The Puppet Warp And Place The Pins

Select the Puppet Warp from Options bar at top of the screen.

Place the pins on the edges of the lips. First put pins at the left and right edge of the mouth, because you will drag them later. Other pins around the lips will decide which parts of the lips will extend when you drag one of the pins. Since any pinned part will not move when you drag any other pin, the pin count and placement will decide the structure of the image after you did all the dragging, in this case they will decide the look of the smile. You can play around pins to see which placement of the pins give the best result for you.

I placed one pin at the left and right edge of the mouth, one pin for middle of bottom and top of the mouth and one pin in the middle of them.

Step 4: Drag The Pins And Clean Up Bad Parts

Click on the leftmost pin and drag it slightly up and left, drag the rightmost pin up and right to catch the smile you want. If the smile looks ugly for any reason (bad refine edge adjustments, bad pin placement), hit Ctrl+Z (Win) / Command+Z (Mac) and readjust the previous factors.

After you are pleased with the smile, hit enter or the tick icon at the top of the screen to apply changes.  Press Ctrl+D (Win) / Command+D (Mac) to deselect the selection that you made with the Lasso Tool to see the image clearly.

Since the layer in the background is not changed, some parts of it can be seen over the new layer. Especially the redness of the lips could be seen under the smile you created. Fix that parts with the Healing Brush. Select the Healing Brush from left of the screen. Press Alt (Win) / Option (Mac) + left click to sample good skin around the lips and clean up around the lips to complete the editing. If you want to see detailed use of the Healing Brush, visit my Remove Wrinkles post.

Result:

This is how you can make someone smile using Photoshop. You can learn this and much more from a professional photo editing course called Learn Photo Editing with more details. To see my learn photo editing review go to the main page . Thank you for reading!

How To Remove Wrinkles With Photoshop

Reduce or Remove Wrinkles

In this post, you will learn how to reduce or remove wrinkles on a portrait with the Healing Brush. You can decide how much to reduce if image looks natural. Removing the wrinkles completely could seem unreal. Thus, reducing is better than removing in most cases.

Step 1: Add A Blank Layer And Adjust The Healing Brush

Add a blank layer from the layer panel at the bottom right of the screen.

Select the Healing Brush from Tools bar placed at left of the screen. If another tool is selected in its place, right click of left click for a while to see the related tools.

Adjust the Healing Brush options  from option panel at top of the screen. Normal mode, Source: Sampled, Aligned unchecked and Sample: All Layers

Step 2: Use Good Texture To Heal Wrinkles

Healing Brush uses a chosen texture to paint over another. In this case, we will choose good texture close to the wrinkles by clicking on that area while holding Alt (Win) / Option (Mac) key.  This way you can paint over the closest wrinkle by clicking and dragging on it. After releasing the mouse button the Healing Brush will use good skin to cover up that wrinkle. The important thing is that you need to pick good textures that are close to the wrinkles. Since, light,color and texture of the skin is not same everywhere, it is not wise to sample chin skin and use it on eye wrinkles. As always the main concern is that the portrait looks natural.

If the wrinkle is too long, picking multiple samples for Healing Brush is better. Similarly,  if thickness of the wrinkle varies a lot, then change the Healing Brush size accordingly such that it is a bit bigger than the wrinkle. After this step:

 

 

Step 3: Change Blend Mode to Lighten and Reduce Opacity

Since wrinkles are usually darker than other parts of the skin, Lighten mode will bring out the good parts. Select it from layer panel right above the layers. After that reduce the opacity between 50%-70% so that image looks more natural.

Result:

This is how you can remove wrinkles of photos using Photoshop. You can learn this and much more from a professional photo editing course called Learn Photo Editing with more details. To see my learn photo editing review go to the main page . Thank you for reading!

How to Give Healthy And Smooth Look to Skin With Photoshop

Make Healthy Smooth Skin With Photoshop

In this post, you will learn how to give healthy, smooth, soft look to a face in a photo. First, any skin blemishes should be removed. My previous How to Clear Skin Blemishes post covers that subject. After that, we will create a healthy smooth skin with Photoshop. Lastly, we will adjust color imbalances and lighten the face. Last part can be learned from my How to Whiten Teeth post. I encourage you to read those posts first. We will use those in this post, but here I only mention the steps.

Step 1: Clear Skin Blemishes

First, duplicate the background layer by right clicking and selecting to duplicate or shortly dragging it on new layer icon at bottom right of the screen.

On the new layer, select the Spot Healing Brush and select Content-Aware and Sample All Layer options from Options bar at top of the screen. Then, clear any skin blemishes.

Step 2: Duplicate The Healed Layer and Apply High Pass Filter

Duplicate the layer with cleared skin like told above. Then, apply high pass filter by going in Filter and Other options in the option bar at the top of the screen. High Pass Filter is used to define edges where sudden changes occur at light or color. In our case, edges are around eyes, hair and mouth.

 

High Pass Filter will filter out everything except edges.  We will use it by inverting it. Thus, the skin itself will not be affected.  Filter needs a Radius value as input. It means how many neighbor pixels will be chosen with the edge pixels. Therefore, if the face has high resolution make radius 24 or bigger, make it smaller than 24 otherwise. In our example, I picked 18. After high pass filter image will be like this:

Step 3: Apply Gaussian Blur Filter

Go to Filter and Blur options in the option bar at the top of the screen. Apply Gaussian Blur. Pick a value that is one third of the value you used for High Pass filter. In this case it is 6.

This blur will help reduce impurities of the skin and soften it. It is because every pixel will be mixed with Radius amounts of neighbor pixels. Since good parts of the skin cover more space they will overwhelm the unwanted parts in a mix. After this filter:

 

Step 4: Invert The Layer, Change Its Blend Mode To Linear Light

We said that High Pass Filter defines edges and filters out other parts. This sharpens the image. Since we want to soften ours you need to Invert the last layer created. You can do it by going in Image, Adjustments and Invert in the option bar at the top of the screen. Ctrl+I (Win) / Command+I (Mac) can be used as shortcut.

Then change the blend mode of the layer to Linear Light. This will soften the skin by changing contrast. Go to the layer panel bottom right of the screen and change blend mode from Normal to Linear Light. Clicking Here you can learn more about Linear Light and other blend modes.

After step 4 our image is:

Step 5: Change Blending Options

Linear Light makes the image softer but not soft enough. For that you need to change Blending Options of the last layer. You can right click on the layer or use the options icon at the top right of the layer panel.

In the Blending Options panel there is a part named Blend If. This part controls how the current layer blends with the layer below it. You need to balance brightness with sliders. However, you need to use half of the sliders. To do that hold Alt (Win) / Option (Mac) key  and click on the left part of the white slider. Slide it to left until white balance seems natural. Then, take right part of the black slider and drag it to left until black balance seems natural (you can decide looking at eyes).

This part can be confusing since it is hard to explain why we did Blend If changes. You find more information about it here. After blending changes our image:

Step 6: Add A Layer Mask, Brush The Face And Adjust The Layer Opacity

We want our smoothing effect only on face. Thus, you need to create mask that only includes the face. First, add a layer mask on the last layer. Click Add vector mask icon while holding on the Alt (Win) / Option (Mac) key  at the bottom of the layer panel. This will add a black mask, if you do not hold Alt (Win) / Option (Mac) you will create a white mask.

Black mask will hide the last layers effect. Thus, you need to brush the face with white. Select the layer mask by clicking on it and select the brush tool from Tools bar placed left of the screen. Use this options when brushing the edges (around lips,eyes,hair):

You can change the hardness and firmness of the brush when painting the inner parts of the face. Try not to miss any black spots there. After that click on the mask layer holding Alt (Win) / Option (Mac) it will look like this:

Then you need to lower the layer opacity. We want image to look natural, so you need to lower the last layer opacity from up right option at layer panel. Usually 40%-70% is okay.

Step 7: Whiten And Lighten The Face

After step 6 our image looks like this:

The red color from blemishes softened but still ruining the healthy look. Thus, we need to whiten face. First, select the lasso tool and select around the face, add Hue/Saturation layer, change the color option from Master to Reds and decrease the saturation, switch back to Master and increase the Lightness, lastly paint the edges with brush and exclude eyes and lips.

Difference Result:

This is how you can change eye color of photos using Photoshop. You can learn this and much more from a professional photo editing course called Learn Photo Editing with more details. To see my learn photo editing review go to the main page . Thank you for reading!

How to Whiten Teeth in Photoshop

How To Whiten Teeth In Photoshop

In the previous Changing Eye Color tutorial, we learned how to change eye color using Hue/Saturation adjustment layer. Now, we will use the same type of layer to whiten teeth in an image in Photoshop (CS6 Later or CC). Checking out the previous post could help handling this one easier.

Step 1: Select Around The Teeth With The Lasso Tool

Select the Lasso Tool from the Tools panel (left of screen).  Zoom in on teeth to draw a selection around them.  You do not have to be precise.

whiten teeth

Step 2: Add A Hue/Saturation Adjustment Layer And Adjust The Options

You will see the option panel of the layer we added. There will be a panel below Preset. Default setting is Master, make it Yellows. This will allow us to reduce the saturation of the unwanted color yellow on teeth. Make saturation preferably between (-80)-( -50) until teeth seems naturally white. Then set the Yellows to Masters and change the Lightness between 0-20. It is also important here that the teeth seem natural.

whiten teeth

Step 3: Clean Up The Edges With Brush Tool

After selecting brush tool, set its hardness between 0-50 and paint the edges of the teeth. You need to paint the teeth part with white and other parts (gum) black, so adjustment layer changes will only effect the teeth.

whiten teeth

Step 4: Tune Brightness For Teeth At The Back

This may seem optional but it is important. Darker teeth at the back need less brightness. Thus, we set the brush opacity between 40-60 and paint over them with black. This way they seem more natural. It is hard to see the difference without zooming in.

whiten teeth

 

Result:

whiten teeth

whiten teeth

This is how you can change eye color of photos using Photoshop. You can learn this and much more from a professional photo editing course called Learn Photo Editing with more details. To see my learn photo editing review go to the main page . Thank you for reading!